This course explore phonetics and its sub-disciplines to explain the physiological production of consonants. The course aims to help students of first-year English to understand the physiological production of speech sounds and discover the articulatory realization of consonants to differentiate between consonants and explain the physiological production of consonants.

The course includes two chapters that define and explain phonetics on the one hand and explore the classification of consonant sounds on the other hand. Therefore, chapter 1 examines phonetics and speech organs to explore the articulation of sounds. Chapter 2 explains the classification of consonants based on their physical production. Chapter 3 explores vowels and their qualitative features. Chapter 4 concludes the discussion about sounds in English by examining syllables.